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Companies in this industry own and operate high-voltage transmission lines and retail distribution systems, as well as intermediaries like energy dealers and brokers. Major companies include American Electric Power, Exelon, and NextEra Energy (all based in the US); Southern Power and State Power Grid (both headquartered in China); EON (Germany); SSE (Scotland); Tokyo Electric Power (Japan); and Federal Grid (Russia).
The global electricity industry produces about 24 trillion kilowatt hours (KWh) of electricity annually. The leading countries in electricity generation, consumption, and installed capacity are China, the US, India, Russia, Japan, Canada, and Germany. Growth in the global electricity market will be primarily in African countries and India, where large portions of the population still lack access to electricity.
The US electric power transmission and distribution industry includes about 7,800 establishments (single-location companies and units of multi-location companies) with combined annual revenue of about $320 billion. Companies that produce electricity are covered in the Electric Power Generation industry profile.
Demand for electricity is driven by industrial and commercial activity and by population growth. The profitability of individual companies depends on the efficiency of their operations. Large companies have economies of scale in purchasing power; small companies can compete effectively by specializing in geographic regions. The US industry is highly concentrated: the 50 largest companies account for about 80% of revenue.
The traditional electricity industry consisted of investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities, cooperatives, and ...
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