|Last Quarterly Update:||1/16/2017|
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Companies in this industry generate, transmit, and distribute electric power. Major companies include Duke Energy, Exelon, and Southern Company (all based in the US), as well as EON (Germany), EDF (France), Enel (Italy), and Tokyo Electric Power (Japan).
The global electricity industry generates about 23 trillion kilowatt hours (KWh) of electricity. Leading countries in electricity generation include China, the US, India, Russia, and Japan. Unmet demand in parts of India and Africa is helping fuel industry growth. The global electric market will reach $2.2 trillion in 2017, according to an estimate by management consulting firm Lucintel.
The US electric utilities industry includes about 1,800 companies with combined annual revenue of about $460 billion. Major segments of the electric utilities industry, including electric power generation and electric power transmission, are covered in separate profiles.
Demand is driven by commercial, industrial, and residential electrical power requirements, which are tied to economic activity and population growth. Profitability is determined by government regulations and fuel costs. Large companies have an advantage in negotiating fuel contracts. Small companies can compete effectively by exploiting market niches, such as offering green power in regulated markets. The US industry is highly concentrated: the 50 largest firms generate about 75% of industry revenue.
The traditional electricity industry consisted of investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities, cooperatives, and government entities that owned the generation, transmission, and retail distribution facilities within a limited area and ...
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