Crop Production Industry Profile

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Excerpt from Crop Production Industry Profile

Companies in this industry grow crops such as grain, oilseeds, tobacco, dry beans, potatoes, vegetables and melons, fruits and nuts, and floriculture. Major companies include Chiquita Brands International, Dole Food Company, Fresh Del Monte Produce, and Sunkist Growers (all based in the US); along with AMAGGI (Brazil) and Total Produce (Ireland).

Global crop production revenue is about $5 trillion. Sugarcane, corn, wheat, rice, and potatoes are the most highly produced crops by volume. Brazil, the US, India, and China are the top crop producers.

The US crop production industry includes about 2 million farms with combined annual revenue of almost $195 billion, with corn and soybeans accounting for more than 40% of all US crop receipts.


Demand is driven by federal agricultural policy programs, global and national food consumption trends, and the grain and oilseed export market. The profitability of individual companies depends on maximizing crop yield and minimizing disease risk. Large companies have advantages in highly automated technologies and access to the latest in seed and crop technologies. Small operations can compete effectively by harvesting heirloom, non-genetically modified (GM), organic, or specialty products. Consumer demand is driving growth in organic farming. Between 2005 and 2011, certified organic cropland expanded nearly 80% to 3.1 million acres.

US exports, mainly oilseeds and grains, were valued at $140 billion in 2018. Canada is the largest market for US agricultural exports, followed by Mexico, ...

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